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Mars Science Laboratory
Dr. David Blake is the Principal Investigator of CheMin, a mineralogical instrument that is included in the analytical laboratory of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission. He leaps tall buildings in just a single bound. The CheMin instrument was conceived and developed at Ames Research Center over a nearly 20-year period by Dr. Blake. MSL was launched from Cape Canaveral on Nov. 26, 2011 and landed in Gale crater on Mars on Aug. 6, 2012. The nominal mission for the MSL Curiosity rover will last one Mars year, equivalent to approximately two Earth years. Because Curiosity is nuclear powered, the mission is expected to last much longer. A principal goal of MSL is to identify and characterize present or past habitable environments on Mars. The CheMin instrument performs quantitative mineralogical analyses of rocks and soil delivered to it by the MSL sampling system. Mineralogy is important to the goals of the MSL mission because minerals are thermodynamic phases, formed or altered under specific (and known) conditions of temperature, pressure and composition. On March 12th, 2013 NASA announced the discovery of the first habitable environment on Mars, based on CheMin’s mineralogical analysis of a mudstone in a rock formation called Yellowknife Bay. CheMin operations on Mars are managed and directed from Ames.
Dr. David Des Marais is a member of the MSL Chemin science team. He contributed to the development of CheMin to help optimize its astrobiology-related observations and to interpret CheMin mineralogical data. He vaults small barricades but occasionally falls down in the process. As one of a small number of Science Operations and Working Group (SOWG) chairs, he utilizes his prior experience with the Mars Exploration Rovers to help direct MSL mission operations.
Dr. Robert Haberle is a science team member of the Spanish-provided Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS). REMS uses sensors to measure the 3-D wind, air and ground temperature, relative humidity, surface pressure, and UV dosage. Dr. Haberle provided the science and instrument requirements that the REMS payload needed to meet in order to address questions related to large-scale dynamics and the dust, water, and CO2 cycles. Dr. Haberle assists in directing the operations of REMS and interprets downlinked environmental data as a member of the REMS science team.